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The shifting nature of conflict in Burma over the past fifteen years has structured a range of inter-linked displacement crises. This paper identifies three main types of forced migration within and from the country: armed conflict-induced displacement, state/society-induced displacement, and livelihood/vulnerability-induced displacement. This paper argues that internal displacement in Burma is the product not only of armed conflict in the insurgent-prone eastern borderlands, but also of decades of mis-governance by the militarized state.

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Refugee Studies Centre

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