Accessing asylum in Europe: extraterritorial border controls meet refugee rights
Dr Violeta Moreno-Lax (Queen Mary University of London)
Wednesday, 07 February 2018, 5pm to 6.30pm
Seminar Room 3, Oxford Department of International Development, 3 Mansfield Road, Oxford, OX1 3TB
Hosted by Refugee Studies Centre
Public Seminar Series, Hilary term 2018
Series convenor: Dr Lilian Tsourdi
about the seminar
Refugee flows have grown in size and complexity over the years since the end of the Cold War and ensuing de-colonization period. Europe, as other wealthy regions of the world, has adopted extraordinary, ‘emergency’ measures, particularly during so-called ‘migration crises’ (e.g. the Cayucos crisis of 2005; the Arab Spring of 2011; and the ‘refugee crisis’ in which it has been immersed since 2015), which have normalized the current sense of urgency and exceptionalism that characterises much of the EU migration and asylum policy today. Offshored border checks, outsourced visa processing, privatised pre-boarding controls, and maritime interdiction ‘by proxy’ are, as this session will discuss, but a few of the mechanisms in which the external frontier of the Union manifests itself to potential refugees. The fact that the rights to asylum and to non-refoulement have gained uncontested legal strength as a matter of (internal) EU law, after the adoption of the Lisbon Treaty in 2009, should have marked a shift in the way in which forced displacement movements towards the Member States are governed. Instead, as this session will demonstrate, changes in regulation have not signified real changes on the ground. The Union – including its judiciary – are yet to fully apprehend what these changes entail. If (refugee) human rights are to guarantee not ‘theoretical and illusory’ but ‘practical and effective’ safeguards (Hirsi, para. 175), it will be argued, the EU is left with only two options: to adapt or to abandon incompatible measures. This, as will be explained, is not a defence of an ‘open borders’ system, but a bid for adjustment to the most fundamental principles of the rule of law on which the Union claims it is based (Art 2 TEU). The analysis of the three key measures impeding access to asylum in Europe (i.e. visas, carrier sanctions, and maritime patrols) and their intersection with the rights to non-refoulement, asylum, and effective judicial protection (Arts 18, 19, and 47 CFR) will constitute the critical focus of this session in an effort to unveil the inconsistencies of EU regulation and its noxious effects on individual freedoms. A proposal for an alternative design of the border control machinery will be put forward at the end.
The session will be based on the author’s recent monograph: Accessing Asylum in Europe Extraterritorial Border Controls and Refugee Rights under EU Law (OUP, 2017).
about the speaker
Dr Violeta Moreno-Lax is Senior Lecturer in Law, founding Director of the Immigration Law programme, and inaugural Co-Director (2014-16) and co-founder of the Centre for European and International Legal Affairs (CEILA) at Queen Mary University of London. She is also Visiting Professor at the College of Europe, Fellow of the Centre of European Law of King’s College London, EU Asylum Law Coordinator at the Refugee Law Initiative of the University of London, Co-Chair of The Refugee Law Observatory, Co-convener of the Society of Legal Scholars (SLS) Migration Law Section, as well as member of the Steering Committee of the Migration Law Network.
Before coming to Queen Mary, she was a Lecturer in Law at the Universities of Liverpool (2012-13) and Oxford (2011-12). She has held visiting positions at the Universities of Macquarie and New South Wales (2016-17), Oxford (2010-12), Nijmegen (2009-10), and The Hague Academy of International Law (Research Session 2010). She has published widely in the areas of international and European refugee and migration law, including her recent monograph: Accessing Asylum Europe: Extraterritorial Border Controls and Refugee Rights Under EU Law (Oxford: OUP, 2017). And she regularly acts as expert consultant for the EU institutions and other organisations active in the field.